Our Surroundings

Exotic trees:

Common Name Scientific Name Description
Bougainvillea Bougainvillea spectabilis It is named after the French navigator Bourgainville. It is one of the most popular plants in Africa. The plants native is Eastern Brazil. It comes in many colors and thrives best in full sun. It is mainly used as hedges and can completely cover the wall of a house.
Hibiscus Althaea officinalis A genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. It is quite large, containing about 200220 species that are native to warm-temperate, subtropical and tropical regions throughout the world. Member species are often noted for their showy flowers and are commonly known as hibiscus, sorrel, and flor de Jamaica, or less widely known as rosemallow. The genus includes both annual and perennial herbaceous plants, as well as woodyshrubs and small trees.
Flamboyant Delonix regia It is one of the most magnificent ornamental trees and its native is Madagascar and also found in Africa. It reaches 10 to 15m height. It is noticeable for its broad umbrella like shape. They are the national flower of Puerto Rico.


Common Name Scientific Name Description
Ginger Zingiber officinale The ginger plant has a long history of cultivation. Originated in Asia and grown in India, Southeast Asia, West Africa and the Caribbean Usage Ginger is used in culinary, medicinal usage: cures diarrhea, nausea.
Tumeric Curcuma longa Mainly cultivated in India stage of Maharashtra, is the larges and most important grading center for turmeric in Asia or perhaps in the entire world. Usage It is used in culinary coloring agent , cosmetics, dye, gardening. As medicine it is used as antiseptic for cuts, burns and bruises. It is used as antibacterial agent, helps with stomach problems and other ailments. It is popular as a tea in Okinawa Japan. It is currently being investigated for possible benefits in Alzheimers disease, cancer and liver disorders. In cosmetics it is applied to bride and groom before marriage in India, Bangladesh and Pakistan where it is believed turmeric gives glow to skin and keeps harmful bacteria away.
Lemon grasses --- This herb is native to India. It is widely used as a herb in Asian cuisine. It has a citrus flavour and can be dried and powdered or used fresh. Usage Lemon grass is commonly used in teas, soups and curries. It is also suitable for poultry, fish and seafood. It is often used as a tea in African and Latino-American countries (Togo, Mexico, Congo). Research shows that lemon grass oil has anti-fungal properties. It is used in soaps, as q mosquito repellent in insect sprays and candles, also in aromatherapy.


Common Name Scientific Name Description
Yellow Trumpet shrub Tecoma stans This forms a tree or shrub up to 9m in height. It is very popular as an ornamental tree or shrub. The wood of this tree is used for building purposes and also as firewood.
Crape Myrtle Lagerstroemia indica This is small tree 6 8m in height with a smooth gray bark and is recognizable by its red-like branches which are directed upwards. Its natural distribution is in East Asia and nowadays in tropics. The tree has been called the Queen of Flowers. The lovely purplish pink flowers form dense panicles at the ends of the branches. The hardwood is highly prized and the bark and leaves are used as a diuretic.
Glory Bush Tibouchina semidecandra They are found many in Brazil and nowadays in tropics. It is a beautiful shrub up to 6m high. The colour of the flowers varies from red, pink, white, cream, pink
Barbados Pride Caesalpinia pulcherrima This plant is related to the Flamboyant. It can reach 6m in height. The flowers and leaves are used as medicine to reduce fever, the leaves have purgative properties.
Shell Ginger Alpinia zerumbet Its native is in China and Southern Japan and reached Europe via India in early 1792. Its rootstock reaches a length of one meter and yields a drug with spicy smell and bitter slightly burning taste. It contains 0.5 1.5% ethereal oils, also galangal and alpinot, two sharp tasting substances.
Wild Plantain Heliconia agneriana Its native is Central and South America. They are deep pink in colour shading to orange or yellow towards the margin. Each flower produces a large amount of nectar.
Beaked Heliconia Heliconia rostrata This species comes from Peru and one of the most beautiful plants. It is stout plant over 3m in height. The bracts are a brilliant red at the base shading to yellow at the tip with a green edge and resemble in shape a birds curved upper beak. The flowers are bright sulphur yellow and poke out of the bracts like the beaks of fledglings from a nest.
Mexican Creeper Antigonon leptomus This is a vigorous plant with woody base that produces loose clusters of beautiful pink, white or red flowers. This creeper originates from Western Mexico but is cultivated everywhere in the tropics.
Flame Vine Pyrostegia venusta The Flame Vine is a widespread plant, useful as well as ornamental, which can clothe hedges and climb walls. It produces a particularly beautiful effect at flowering time. The flowers are brilliant fiery red flowers and are arranged in dense panicles at the ends of the stems.
Red Ginger Alpiniapurpurata It is named after the Italian botanist Prospero Arpino who lived around 1600. It is handsome plant with an aromatic tuberous rootstock that is often branched. The Red Ginger originates in Malaya. It reaches a height of 1.5 to 2m. Have brilliant red spikes of flowers throughout most of the year.
Aloe-vera Aloe arborescens They are found in the dry regions of East Africa . Aloe comes from South Africa. The plant is very variable in form. Numerous varieties of the species have been described. Other species re the source of bitter-aloes a drug prepared from the juice of their leaves. This plant is widely known as a medicine plant that cures many diseases especially skin diseases.

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